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The Fine Arts in Gender Transformation: A Study of Kartini Characterization

The formation of Kartini’s character as a female character in addition to awareness of the acute Dutch colonialism practice, also internal factors, namely family and external, namely the condition of Indonesian society at that time. This can be seen from the contents of Kartini’s letters to her two friends in the Netherlands, Stella Zeehandelar and R.M. Abendanon was also with important people, both Dutch East Indies government officials and native aristocrats his father’s friend. Apart from the issue of women’s emancipation which she always fought for until the end of her life, Kartini was also a person who paid great attention to the development of culture and art in Jepara. Kartini is considered to be an independent curator. At the age of 12 Kartini studied batik. She wears the batik sarong she made herself. He also learned to draw and paint. Kartini often writes about various things that surround her life, as well as in the field of batik art which she is familiar with with her two younger siblings. That is why Kartini praised and highly appreciated art as part of Javanese culture. Its openness to Western culture and civilization has never been interpreted as leaving behind the beautiful elements of Javanese culture. He always wanted to live as a Javanese as he wrote in his letter to Mrs. Van Kol, dated 21 July 1902.

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Iswahyudi
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