“Green Consumption” in Rio de Janeiro: A Comparative Study between Generations Y and Z

London Journal of Research in Humanities and Social Sciences
Volume | Issue | Compilation
Authored by Giselle Ferreira , Fred Tavares, Eliane Monteiro de Almeida, Jéssica Ventura
Classification: FOR Code: 059999
Keywords: green consumer, generation Y and Z, consumption, rio de Janeiro.
Language: English

This paper discusses the buying behavior of generations Y and Z related to eco-friendly products or “green products” under the logic of the consumer society. The analysis was executed by members of the research group “Rizoma verde” of the graduate program of the Psychology Institute of Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (PPG/EICOS/UFRJ). The methodology is qualitative and exploratory, carried out from a fieldwork, with interviews held on 25th and 26th of November 2017, during the Black Friday event and the following day at exits of malls in the northern and southern area of Rio de Janeiro. The theoretical basis is grounded in concepts presented by Zygmunt Bauman, Néstor Canclini, and Gilles Lipovetsky. This study features inherent attributes of generations Baby Boomer, X, Y, and Z, highlighting profoundly the behaviors of generations Y and Z. The data analysis of these generations indicates an equal perception, knowledge, and expectation regarding the consumption of eco-friendly products and the environment. However, both generations do not prioritize the purchase because of the environment features; instead, they want a cost/benefit ratio.


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